Capital Governorate of Jordan (Amman)

Capital Governorate of Jordan (Amman)

About the Capital Governorate

  • Amman Governorate, officially known as Muhafazat al-Asima (Arabic: محافظة العاصمة, English translation: The Capital Governorate) is one of the twelve governorates of Jordan, which includes the most important institutions of the Jordanian state, in addition to all government departments, including the House of Representatives, located in the Abdali area.
  • It is the largest governorate in terms of population and the third largest governorate in terms of area after the governorates of Ma'an and Mafraq, the most important of which represents the backbone of the Jordanian state.
  • The history of the city of Amman dates back to the seventh millennium BC, and thus it is considered among the oldest inhabited cities in the world to this day. Amman is an ancient city that was built on the ruins of a city known as “Rabbath Ammon,” then “Philadelphia,” then “Amman,” derived from “Rabbath Ammon,” and the Ammonites took it as their capital. The city was established on seven hills, and was apparently the center of the region at that time. It is one of the four capitals of the Levant. It is also one of the ancient Levantine cities that became the capital of the Emirate of Transjordan and then the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan after its independence in 1946.
  • Amman is considered the commercial and administrative center of the Kingdom and its economic and educational heart. It has become a point of attraction for many Arab communities due to its distinguished location and contemporary architecture. It also attracts many tourists annually from Western Europe, North America, Japan, Australia, and from neighboring and nearby Arab countries, and many families from the Arab Gulf countries in particular, as it has many landmarks. Tourism in general and medical treatment in particular. Because of Amman’s location in such a strategic location in the Levant and the Middle East, its location controls the national economy and drives 90% of investment at the national level.

Geographical location

The Capital Governorate (Amman) is located in a central location between the governorates of Zarqa, Balqa, Madaba, Karak and Ma'an, and its borders extend to the Jordanian-Saudi border.

Cities, towns, and villages

Abdoun, Abu Alandah, Adh Dhuhaybah, Al Al, Al Amiriyah, Al Arid, Al Arudah, Al Bahhath, Al Bassah, Al Bunayyat al Janubiyah, Al Bunayyat ash Shamaliyah, Al Hawwasiyah, Al Hummar, Al Jizah, Al Jubayhah, Al Judayyidah, Al Jumayyil, Al Juwayyidah, Al Lubban, Al Mabrak, Al Mahattah, Al Manakhir, Al Mathluthah, Al Muqabalayn, Al Mushaqqar, Al Mushayrifah, Al Mushayrifah, Al Muwaqqar, Al Qartu'iyah, Al Qastal, Al Qunaytirah, Al Qurayyat, Al Quwayjiyah, Al Quwaysimah, Al Yadudah, 'Ammuriya, An Naqubah, An Nuwayjis, 'Ara'ir, Ar Rabahiyah, Ar Rajib, Ar Riwaq, Ash Shufatah, Ash Shumaysani, Ash Shuqayq, As Samik, As Saqrah, Ath Thughrah, 'Atruz, At Tunayb, Barazin, Barzah, Barzah, Bayt Zir'ah, Biddin, Bilal, Buqa'i al-Qababiyah, Dab'ah, Dhiban, Dhuhaybah, Dulaylat al Hama'idah, Dulaylat al Mutayrat, Halaq ash Shuqayq, Hawwarah, Hisban, Iraq al Amir, Jalul, Jawa, Juraynah, Khilda, Khirbat 'Assaf, Khirbat as Sahilah, Khirbat Badran, Khirbat Khaww, Khirbat Siran, Khuraybat as Suq, Kufayr Abu Sarbut, Kufayr al Wakhyan, Kufayrat Abu Khinan, Madaba, Ma`in, Manja, Marka, Mukawir, Mulayh, Murayjimat Ibn Hamid, Natl, Na'ur, Qasr al Hallabat, Qubur 'Abd Allah, Qurayyat Falhah, Qurayyat Nafi', Qurayyat Salim, Rujaym Salim, Rujm ash Shami, Rujm ash Shara'irah, Sahab, Shunat Ibn 'Adwan, Sufah, Sumiya, Suwaylih, Tabarbawr, Tila' al 'Ali, Umm al 'Amad, Umm al Birak, Umm al Hanafish, Umm al Kundum, Umm al Qanafidh, Umm ar Rasas, Umm as Summaq, Umm Juraysat, Umm Nuwarah, Umm Qusayr, Umm Qusayr, Umm Rummanah, Umm Shujayrah al Gharbiyah, Umm Zuwaytinah, 'Urjan al Gharbiyah, 'Urjan ash Sharqiyah, 'Uyun adh Dhi'b, Wadi as Sir, Yajuz, Zaba'ir 'Udwan, Zuwayza.


The climate of the Capital Governorate (Amman) is generally moderate, as a Mediterranean climate prevails in most areas of the capital, especially in the highlands. While some of its regions have a semi-desert climate, especially in the eastern regions. Temperatures rise in summer, reaching their highest levels in mid-August, sometimes reaching the mid-30s Celsius. The temperature drops in winter, sometimes reaching zero or below zero in January, which causes snow to fall on the highlands. The climate is mild in the spring and fall.

Archeological sites

Amman has a wealth of famous archaeological monuments that still bear witness to ancient civilizations that settled the city. On the Citadel Mountain, which rises above the old city, rises the “Temple of Hercules,” which was built by the Romans in the second century AD on the remains of an ancient Ammonite temple, in addition to the Antiquities Museum, which contains many exhibits. From various civilizations and tools representing human life in these ancient times. In the center of the city is the Avenue of the Nymphs, and close to the Avenue stands the large Roman amphitheater that can accommodate five thousand spectators, and other landmarks that are used to this day in many cultural and artistic events. They are among the centers that the Jordan Festival exploits and organizes its events in:
  • almadraj alruwmaniu (Roman amphitheater)
  • sabil alhuriaat (Nymphaeum)
  • Ain Ghazal ruins
  • kahaf 'ahl alkahf (Cave of the people of the cave)
  • jabal alqaleat (The citadel mountain and the Umayyad palace)
  • alsaahat alruwmania (Roman arena in the city center)
  • qasr eiraq al'amir (Iraq Emir Palace)
  • alrajm almalfuf (Stoning cabbage in Wadi Saqra)
  • almasjid alhusayniu (Al-Husseini Mosque)
  • maqam bilal bin rabah (The shrine of Bilal bin Rabah)
  • maqam eabd alrahman bin eawf (The shrine of Abdul Rahman bin Awf)
  • Jordanian Archaeological Museum
  • Amman station and the ten bridges
  • Raghadan Palace
  • Belbeisi palace
  • The Hashemite Square

Jordanian cuisine

Popular foods in Jordan:
  • Mansaf (المنسف): Mansaf is considered the national dish in Jordan. It is known in all regions without exception. It is served on occasions such as wedding banquets, holidays, and at funeral tables as well.
  • Makmoura: It is a well-known dish in the villages of northern Jordan.
  • Kibbeh or kebab: It is one of the dishes that is prepared in all regions, as its spread extended from the villages north of Irbid, such as the villages of Bani Kenana.
  • Al-Mutabbaq (Mutabbaq): It is known as one of the good dishes in the villages of Al-Taybeh and Al-Wasatiya Districts, and it is smaller than Al-Makmoura.
  • Maqluba/Magluba (مقلوبة): A casserole made of layers of rice, vegetables and meat. After cooking, the pot is flipped upside-down onto the plate when served, hence the name maqluba which translates literally as "upside-down".
  • Musakhan (مسخّن): Dish composed of roasted chicken baked with onions, sumac, allspice, saffron, and fried pine nuts served over taboon bread. It is also known as muhammar (Arabic: محمر).
  • Maftul (مفتول): Large couscous-like balls, garbanzo beans and chicken pieces cooked in chicken broth.
  • aldafin Freekeh (فريكة)
  • Al-Jajil (Kaakil or Shaashil), all Jordanian governorates share the same popular dishes, due to the similarity between the regions and are considered one of the popular dishes.
  • Shishbarak (ششبرك): Also known as Joshpara. A sort of dumpling or jiaozi dish. After being stuffed with ground beef and spices, thin wheat dough parcels are cooked with jameed then served hot. Another name for this dish is shishbarak.
  • Galayet bandora (قلاية بندورة): Tomatoes sauteed and stewed with onions, olive oil, salt, and hot peppers, it can be served with rice but is more commonly eaten with bread in Jordan,It is indispensable for all classes of people in all governorates.
  • Falafel (فلافل): Balls of fried chickpea flour and Middle Eastern spice. Dipped in every mezze, especially hummus. The Jordanian falafel balls tend to come in smaller sizes.
  • Hummus, Ful medames (حمص وفول مدمس): These are foods usually served for breakfast, especially on Fridays. They are also served as appetizers for lunch and dinner.


  • Baklava (بقلاوة)—a dessert made with thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey or syrup.
  • Knafeh (كُنافة)—a cheese pastry of shredded phyllo soaked in sugar-based syrup.
  • Qatayef (قطايف)—a sweet dumpling stuffed with cream and pistachios. Consumed during Ramadan.
  • Warbat (وربات)—a pastry of thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with custard. Often eaten during the month of Ramadan.

Area and population

  • Population of Capital Governorate: (4,744,700) people
  • Governorate area:- (7,579 km²) (2,926 mi²)