Karak Governorate

Karak Governorate

About Karak Governorate

  • Al-Karak (Arabic: الكرك) is a city in Jordan known for its medieval castle, the Kerak Castle. The castle is one of the three largest castles in the region.
  • Al-Karak lies 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the south of Amman on the ancient King's Highway. It is situated on a hilltop about 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) above sea level and is surrounded on three sides by a valley. Al-Karak has a view of the Dead Sea. A city of about 32,216 people (2005) has been built up around the castle and it has buildings from the 19th-century Ottoman period. The town is built on a triangular plateau, with the castle at its narrow southern tip.
  • As for the nature of its surface, it is distinguished in the highlands west of Karak. Among these highlands are the highlands of Moab, and to the east it is dominated by a desert climate, where there is a desert devoid of inhabitants.
  • One of its most important historical landmarks is Karak Castle, whose construction dates back to the Moabite era. Administratively, Karak is divided into the “Ai” District, the “Al-Qasr” District, the “Al-Mazar” District, the “Southern Jordan Valley” District, the “Qatraneh” District, and the “Faqu’ District.” Liwa Ay is distinguished as being the most beautiful in terms of landscapes and trees planted there. The Jordan Valley District is characterized as an agricultural area. It contains the Dead Sea, which is the lowest spot in the world.

Geographical location

It is located in the southern part of Jordan; its southern boundaries meet with Tafelah Governorate, Madaba Governorate to the north, Al-Qatranah region to the northeast, Al-Sultani Dam to the southeast, and Southern Ghours to the west..

Karak Governorate consists of (7) brigades:
  • Qasabat al-Karak Brigade, Southern Mazar Brigade, Southern Jordan Valley Brigade, Qatraneh Brigade, Al-Qasr Brigade, Faqu’ Brigade, and Ai Brigade.

Cities, towns, and villages

Ader, Al-Shehabiya, Manshiyet Abu Hammour, Al-Jadeeda, Rakhine, Al-Adnaniyah, Al-Thaniyah, Battir, Al-Ghuwair, Madin, Samra, Maroud, Badhan, Al-Baqi, Zahoum, Al-Mushairfa, Ainun, Mumia, Wadi Ibn Hammad, Saka, Al-Rashidiyah, Al-Wusiyah, Al-Mamouniyah, Salihiya, Mahmoudiya, Umm Rummana, Al-Aziziyah, Abdaliyah, Al-Lajjun, Qarifla, Al-Hawiyah, Kamna, Al-Marbugha, Al-Zaghriya, Bardi, Karak, Al-Mazar Al-Janoubi, Mu’tah, Al-Tayyiba, Dhat Al-Ras, Muhi, Iraq, Majra, Sol, Al-Hashimiyya Al-Jawbiyyah, Al-Amqah, Al-Aina, Western Shaqira, Eastern Shaqira, Al-Sharifa, Al-Dabbah, Al-Harithiya, Ahjara, Umm Al-Yanabi', Al-Hamidiyah, Umm Al-Hazin, Al-Jawzah, Al-Hadba, Al-Issawiya, Umm Al-Ghazalan, Juwayr, Manshiyet Al-Mazar, Al-Dabaka, Al-Nuaimah, Al-Dhahiria, Talbiyah, Majidil, Al-Husseiniyah, Umm Hammat, Al-Omariya, Al-Khalidiyah, Al-Faisaliah, Al-Qadiriya, Al-Qasr, Al-Rabbah, Al-Samakiyah, Al-Yaroot, Dimna, Hammoud, Shihan, Al-Rawda, Al-Rashaida, Mughir, Riha, Masar, Abu Turaba, Al-Jadaa, Al-Mujib, Al-Aliyah, Ghor Al-Safi, Ghor Fifa, Maamoura, Al-Salmani, Al-Ghuwaybah, Ghor Al-Mazraa, Ghor Al-Haditha, Ghor Al-Dara’, Ghor Assal, Blida Al-Mazraa, Blida Al-Haditha, Ai, Katharba, Goza, Faqu’, Sarfa, Amra’, Al-Zahraa, Shahtour, Majdolin, Al-Qatraneh, Sultani Dam, Wadi Al-Abyad.


Al-Karak has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). Most rain falls in the winter. The average annual temperature in Al-Karak is 16.5 °C (61.7 °F). About 359 mm (14.13 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Archeological sites

The city of Karak has many heritage monuments that express the city's history and cultural depth
  • Kerak Castle
  • Kerak Castle Plaza
  • Kerak Archeological Museum
  • Mazar Islamic Museum
  • Prophet Nuh’s (Noah) Shrine

Jordanian cuisine

Popular foods in Jordan:
  • Mansaf (المنسف): Jordan is distinguished by its Mansaf food, which is not complete without “Jameed Al Karaki”. Mansaf is a dish made of rice, syrup, meat, and local ghee. The drink is liquefied jameed and is originally made of milk.
  • Makmoura: It is a well-known dish in the villages of northern Jordan.
  • Kibbeh or kebab: It is one of the dishes that is prepared in all regions, as its spread extended from the villages north of Irbid, such as the villages of Bani Kenana.
  • Al-Mutabbaq (Mutabbaq): It is known as one of the good dishes in the villages of Al-Taybeh and Al-Wasatiya Districts, and it is smaller than Al-Makmoura.
  • Maqluba/Magluba (مقلوبة): A casserole made of layers of rice, vegetables and meat. After cooking, the pot is flipped upside-down onto the plate when served, hence the name maqluba which translates literally as "upside-down".
  • Musakhan (مسخّن): Dish composed of roasted chicken baked with onions, sumac, allspice, saffron, and fried pine nuts served over taboon bread. It is also known as muhammar (Arabic: محمر).
  • Maftul (مفتول): Large couscous-like balls, garbanzo beans and chicken pieces cooked in chicken broth.
  • aldafin Freekeh (فريكة)
  • Al-Jajil (Kaakil or Shaashil), all Jordanian governorates share the same popular dishes, due to the similarity between the regions and are considered one of the popular dishes.
  • Shishbarak (ششبرك): Also known as Joshpara. A sort of dumpling or jiaozi dish. After being stuffed with ground beef and spices, thin wheat dough parcels are cooked with jameed then served hot. Another name for this dish is shishbarak.
  • Galayet bandora (قلاية بندورة): Tomatoes sauteed and stewed with onions, olive oil, salt, and hot peppers, it can be served with rice but is more commonly eaten with bread in Jordan,It is indispensable for all classes of people in all governorates.
  • Falafel (فلافل): Balls of fried chickpea flour and Middle Eastern spice. Dipped in every mezze, especially hummus. The Jordanian falafel balls tend to come in smaller sizes.
  • Hummus, Ful medames (حمص وفول مدمس): These are foods usually served for breakfast, especially on Fridays. They are also served as appetizers for lunch and dinner.


  • Baklava (بقلاوة)—a dessert made with thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey or syrup.
  • Knafeh (كُنافة)—a cheese pastry of shredded phyllo soaked in sugar-based syrup.
  • Qatayef (قطايف)—a sweet dumpling stuffed with cream and pistachios. Consumed during Ramadan.
  • Warbat (وربات)—a pastry of thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with custard. Often eaten during the month of Ramadan.

Area and population

  • Population of Karak Governorate: (374,800)
  • Governorate area:- (3495 km2) (1,349 mi²)