Balqa Governorate

Balqa Governorate

About Balqa Governorate

  • Balqa' (Arabic: البلقاء Al Balqā’) is one of the governorates of Jordan. It is located northwest of Amman, Jordan's capital, the governorate has the fourth largest population of the 12 governorates of Jordan, and is ranked 10th by area. It has the third highest population density in the kingdom after Irbid Governorate and Jerash Governorate.
  • The city of Salt is the capital of the governorate, which has produced many writers, politicians, and scholars throughout history. The governorate includes a number of tourist and archaeological sites in addition to two institutions of higher education: Al-Balqa Applied University and Al-Ahliyya Amman University.
  • The governorate is characterized by a diversity of climate and terrain, as the Jordan Valley area reaches (224 m) below sea level, while the mountains reach a height of (1130 m), as its high areas are characterized by a rainy and cold climate in the winter and mild in the summer, which helps in the diversity and availability of agricultural crops throughout the year.
  • The governorate’s location, climate, nature of the terrain, and the presence of a large number of religious and archaeological sites in it also support the diversity of tourism options (therapeutic, religious, entertainment) and throughout the year (winter tourism in the Dead Sea and Valley areas and summer tourism in the mountainous and highland areas).

Geographical location

Balqa Governorate is located in the western part of the Kingdom, where it is bordered to the north by the governorates of Irbid, Jerash, and Ajloun, to the west by the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, to the south by Madaba and the Dead Sea Governorate, and to the east by the Capital and Zarqa Governorates. Thus, Balqa Governorate gains a central position among the governorates of the Kingdom, and the center of the governorate is approximately 100 meters from the capital, Amman. (29) km.

Balqa Governorate includes (5) brigades:
  • Kasbah Al-Salt Brigade, Southern Shuna Brigade, Deir Alla Brigade, Ain Al-Basha Brigade, Mahes and Fuheis Brigade

Cities, towns, and villages

Al-Salt, Al-Madhari, Yazidi, Al-Zaatari, Al-Hadib, Batna, Umm Zaytouna, Kafr Hooda, Wadi Al-Naqa, Al-Bashiri, Umm Kharouba, Al-Saro, Al-Bateen, Al-Sih, Al-Tariqin, Al-Magharib, Alnabiu Yushae, Hazir, Al-Subaihi, Bayudah Al-Sharqiya, Sihan, Ealayqun, Bayuda Al-Shamalia, Bayuda Al-Gharbia, Khashfa, Jarish, Al-Azab, Qasib, Al-Buwaib, Al-Haqawa, Misra, Al-Mansoura, Al-Dharasat, Arqoub Al-Rashed, Allan, Zay, Al-Rumaymeen, Umm Juzah, Umm Al-Amad, Daam, Salouf, Jalad, Al-Wasiyah, Sumia, Al-Mushirfa , printing, Deira Al-Sharqia, Deira Al-Gharbia, Al-Zahra, Umm Al-Waal, Al-Rishuni, Yarqa, Ayra, Wadi Shuaib, Hamrat Ayra and Yarqa, Majdala, Jamli, Al-Shouneh Al-Janubia, New Shouneh, Al-Karama, Al-Rawda, Al-Rama, Al-Kafrain, Jawfah Al-Kafrain, Sweima, Al-Nahda, Al-Jawasara, Nimrin Al-Shamali, Nimrin Al-Gharbii, Deir Alla, Tuwal Al-Janubii, Maadi, Dirar, Al-Arda Triangle, Damia, Tuwal Al-Shamali, Khazma, Al-Dabab, Al-Ruwaiha, Abu Al-Zigan, Dhahrat Al-Raml, Al-Balawna, Abu Ubaida, Al-Baqoli, Ghor Kabd, Ain Al-Basha, Safout, Umm Al-Danair, Abu Nusair Village, Mobus, Al-Shuwaihi Al-Gharbi, Al-Sulaihi, Salhoub, Umm Injasah, Al-Sahluliyah, Al-Rumman, Abu Hamid, Bab Amman, Al-Midmar, Al-Madalat, Al-Jaidiya, Al-Baqa'a, Al-Fuhais, Mahes, Al-Mayda, Ain Al-Azraq .


The climate of the Balqa Governorate in general is rainy and cold in the winter and mild in the summer, with an average rainfall of (600 mm), while the low-lying areas are characterized by moderate temperatures in the winter and high temperatures in the summer, and the average rainfall there is (150 - 200 mm), which makes the governorate fertile agricultural land that helps it grow. Diversity in crops throughout the year due to the availability of appropriate conditions in terms of agricultural competencies and agricultural practical experience, as well as the availability of water and soil fertility that the governorate enjoys, especially the Central Jordan Valley region.

Archeological sites

Balqa Governorate includes many heritage monuments that express the city’s history and cultural depth
  • Al-Hammam Street, Al-Salt
  • Roman Tombs in Wadi Shueib
  • Al-Maghtas
  • Tal Al Jadur
  • Dead Sea
  • Aremeiman area
  • Zay National Park

Jordanian cuisine

Popular foods in Jordan:
  • Mansaf (المنسف): Mansaf is considered the national dish in Jordan. It is known in all regions without exception. It is served on occasions such as wedding banquets, holidays, and at funeral tables as well.
  • Makmoura: It is a well-known dish in the villages of northern Jordan.
  • Kibbeh or kebab: It is one of the dishes that is prepared in all regions, as its spread extended from the villages north of Irbid, such as the villages of Bani Kenana.
  • Al-Mutabbaq (Mutabbaq): It is known as one of the good dishes in the villages of Al-Taybeh and Al-Wasatiya Districts, and it is smaller than Al-Makmoura.
  • Maqluba/Magluba (مقلوبة): A casserole made of layers of rice, vegetables and meat. After cooking, the pot is flipped upside-down onto the plate when served, hence the name maqluba which translates literally as "upside-down".
  • Musakhan (مسخّن): Dish composed of roasted chicken baked with onions, sumac, allspice, saffron, and fried pine nuts served over taboon bread. It is also known as muhammar (Arabic: محمر).
  • Maftul (مفتول): Large couscous-like balls, garbanzo beans and chicken pieces cooked in chicken broth.
  • aldafin Freekeh (فريكة)
  • Al-Jajil (Kaakil or Shaashil), all Jordanian governorates share the same popular dishes, due to the similarity between the regions and are considered one of the popular dishes.
  • Shishbarak (ششبرك): Also known as Joshpara. A sort of dumpling or jiaozi dish. After being stuffed with ground beef and spices, thin wheat dough parcels are cooked with jameed then served hot. Another name for this dish is shishbarak.
  • Galayet bandora (قلاية بندورة): Tomatoes sauteed and stewed with onions, olive oil, salt, and hot peppers, it can be served with rice but is more commonly eaten with bread in Jordan,It is indispensable for all classes of people in all governorates.
  • Falafel (فلافل): Balls of fried chickpea flour and Middle Eastern spice. Dipped in every mezze, especially hummus. The Jordanian falafel balls tend to come in smaller sizes.
  • Hummus, Ful medames (حمص وفول مدمس): These are foods usually served for breakfast, especially on Fridays. They are also served as appetizers for lunch and dinner.


  • Baklava (بقلاوة)—a dessert made with thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey or syrup.
  • Knafeh (كُنافة)—a cheese pastry of shredded phyllo soaked in sugar-based syrup.
  • Qatayef (قطايف)—a sweet dumpling stuffed with cream and pistachios. Consumed during Ramadan.
  • Warbat (وربات)—a pastry of thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with custard. Often eaten during the month of Ramadan.

Area and population

  • Population of Balqa Governorate: (582,100)
  • Governorate area:- (1,120 km2) (430 mi²)