Jerash Governorate

Jerash Governorate

About Jerash Governorate

  • Jerash Governorate (Arabic: محافظة جرش) is one of 12 governorates in Jordan. It is located in the northwestern side of the country. The capital of the governorate is the city of Jerash.
  • Jerash Governorate has the smallest area of the 12 governorates of Jordan, yet it has the second highest density in Jordan after Irbid Governorate. Jerash Governorate is ranked 7th by population.
  • The city of Jerash is considered one of the most important archaeological cities in the world. The history of this city dates back to the time of its founding during the reign of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC. This city enjoyed calm, stability and peace and was greatly influenced by Roman civilization and became one of the ten cities (Decapolis).
  • Jerash is one of the richest agricultural areas in Jordan. Many crops are grown, especially olives, which are used in producing the finest types of oil that are pressed locally due to the presence of many traditional and modern presses. In Jerash there are some of the oldest olive trees in the region, some of which extend for hundreds of years and are called Locally with Roman olive trees, in reference to the era in which Jerash was a Roman city. Fruits and grains are also grown there, but to a lesser extent.

Geographical location

Jerash Governorate is located in the northwest of Jordan. It is bordered by Irbid Governorate to the north, Ajloun Governorate to the west, Mafraq Governorate and Zarqa Governorate to the east, and the Capital Governorate, Balqa Governorate, and Zarqa Governorate to the south.

Jerash Governorate includes (Qasabat Jerash Brigade)

Cities, towns, and villages

Jerash, Souf, Sakib, Kafr Khal, Al-Katta, Raymond, Balila, Qafqafa, Nahla, Al-Rabwa, Deir Al-Layyat, Al-Haddada, Muqbilah, Al-Kfir, Zaqrit, Al-Jabbarat, Asfour, Al-Rashayda, Umm Rameh, Aniba, Jabba, Umm Al-Zaytoun, Al-Nabi Hood , Al-Husseiniyat, Umm Qantara, Najda, Al-Hajjar, Al-Abra, Jamla, Qurai, Dibbin, Al-Riyashi, Al-Hazia, Turban, Sheikh Mufarrej, Al-Sabta, Deir Ajloun, Al-Junaidiya, Al-Mushairfa, Al-Fayha, Al-Mastaba, Marsa’, Jubbah, Talat Al-Raz, Al-Rahmaniyah, Al-Raya. , Barma, Mansoura, Al-Jazzaza, Al-Majdal, Alemoun, Hamta, Al-Fawwara, and Al-Huna.


The climate of Jerash Governorate is Mediterranean, which is cold to moderate in winter and hot in summer. But locally it is considered one of the mildest climates in Jordan. In Jerash and its environs, there are some of the highest areas in Jordan, such as the Souf, Sakib, and Taghrat Asfour heights, which accumulate snow in the winter.

Archeological sites

The city of Jerash has many heritage monuments that express the city's history and cultural depth
  • Jerash Archeological City (مدينة جرش الأثرية)
  • Jerash Archeological Museum (متحف جرش الأثري)
  • South Theater (المسرح الجنوب)
  • North Theater (المسرح الشمالي)
  • Nymphaeum or Nymphaion, monument consecrated to the nymphs (سبيل الحوريات)
  • Jerash Umayyad Mosque (المسجد الأموي في جرش)
  • Cathedral (كاتدرائية)
  • Colonnaded Street/ Cardo Maximus (شارع الأعمدة أو كاردو)
  • Oval Plaza (ساحة الندوة)
  • Hippodrome (ميدان سباق الخيل (الهيبودروم))
  • Hadrian’s Arch (قوس هارديان أو بوابة هادريان أو قوس النصر)

Jordanian cuisine

Popular foods in Jordan:
  • Mansaf (المنسف): Jordan is distinguished by its Mansaf food, which is not complete without “Jameed Al Karaki”. Mansaf is a dish made of rice, syrup, meat, and local ghee. The drink is liquefied jameed and is originally made of milk.
  • Makmoura: It is a well-known dish in the villages of northern Jordan.
  • Kibbeh or kebab: It is one of the dishes that is prepared in all regions, as its spread extended from the villages north of Irbid, such as the villages of Bani Kenana.
  • Al-Mutabbaq (Mutabbaq): It is known as one of the good dishes in the villages of Al-Taybeh and Al-Wasatiya Districts, and it is smaller than Al-Makmoura.
  • Maqluba/Magluba (مقلوبة): A casserole made of layers of rice, vegetables and meat. After cooking, the pot is flipped upside-down onto the plate when served, hence the name maqluba which translates literally as "upside-down".
  • Musakhan (مسخّن): Dish composed of roasted chicken baked with onions, sumac, allspice, saffron, and fried pine nuts served over taboon bread. It is also known as muhammar (Arabic: محمر).
  • Maftul (مفتول): Large couscous-like balls, garbanzo beans and chicken pieces cooked in chicken broth.
  • aldafin Freekeh (فريكة)
  • Al-Jajil (Kaakil or Shaashil), all Jordanian governorates share the same popular dishes, due to the similarity between the regions and are considered one of the popular dishes.
  • Shishbarak (ششبرك): Also known as Joshpara. A sort of dumpling or jiaozi dish. After being stuffed with ground beef and spices, thin wheat dough parcels are cooked with jameed then served hot. Another name for this dish is shishbarak.
  • Galayet bandora (قلاية بندورة): Tomatoes sauteed and stewed with onions, olive oil, salt, and hot peppers, it can be served with rice but is more commonly eaten with bread in Jordan,It is indispensable for all classes of people in all governorates.
  • Falafel (فلافل): Balls of fried chickpea flour and Middle Eastern spice. Dipped in every mezze, especially hummus. The Jordanian falafel balls tend to come in smaller sizes.
  • Hummus, Ful medames (حمص وفول مدمس): These are foods usually served for breakfast, especially on Fridays. They are also served as appetizers for lunch and dinner.


  • Baklava (بقلاوة)—a dessert made with thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey or syrup.
  • Knafeh (كُنافة)—a cheese pastry of shredded phyllo soaked in sugar-based syrup.
  • Qatayef (قطايف)—a sweet dumpling stuffed with cream and pistachios. Consumed during Ramadan.
  • Warbat (وربات)—a pastry of thin layers of phyllo pastry filled with custard. Often eaten during the month of Ramadan.

Area and population

  • Population of Jerash Governorate: (280,700)
  • Governorate area:- (410 km2) (160 mi²)