World time zones by country

All the observed world time zones are listed by country or territory in the table below. There are the independent states with multiple time zones, the record-holder is France with 12 zones, but 11 of them are used in overseas areas and only one in the country's mainland. The same situation is in the United Kingdom, Denmark, New Zealand, Netherlands. The countries with multiple time zones in the mainland area (some of them also have the insular territories) are Russia, USA, Canada, Australia, Mexico, Brazil, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kiribati, Micronesia, Chile, Spain, Portugal and Ecuador.

The Daylight Saving Time (DST) is widely used in Europe, North America, and in some parts of Africa, Australia and South America. It helps to make the daylight duration longer in summer by setting clock 1 hour forward in the spring (start of DST period) and by setting them 1 hour backward in autumn, when the DST period is over.

Alphabetical list of countries and territories with their standard time zones and DST
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z
Country or territoryUTC time offsetDSTDST period start / end
A
Afghanistan +04:30 none
Albania +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Algeria +01:00 none
American Samoa (USA) −11:00 none
Andorra +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Angola +01:00 none
Anguilla (UK) −04:00 none
Antigua and Barbuda −04:00 none
Argentina −03:00 none
Armenia +04:00 none
Aruba (Netherlands) −04:00 none
Australia, Western Australia (WA) +08:00 none
Australia, South Australia (SA) +09:30 +10:30 1-st Sunday in October, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 03:00
Australia, Northern Territory (NT) +09:30 none
Australia, New South Wales (NSW), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC), Australian Capital Territory (ACT) with Canberra capital city +10:00 +11:00 1-st Sunday in October, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 03:00
Australia, Queensland (QLD) +10:00 none
Australia, Lord Howe Island (New South Wales) +10:30 +11:00 1-st Sunday in October, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 03:00
Australia, Macquarie Island (Tasmania) +11:00 none
Austria +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Azerbaijan +04:00 +05:00 Last Sunday in March, 04:00 Last Sunday in October, 05:00
B
Bahamas −05:00 −04:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in November, 02:00
Bahrain +03:00 none
Bangladesh +06:00 none
Barbados −04:00 none
Belarus +03:00 none
Belgium +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Belize −06:00 none
Benin +01:00 none
Bermuda (UK) −04:00 −03:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in November, 02:00
Bhutan +06:00 none
Bolivia −04:00 none
Bosnia and Herzegovina +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Botswana +02:00 none
Brazil, Acre, Western Amazonas −05:00 none
Brazil, Eastern Amazonas, Rondonia, Roraima −04:00 none
Brazil, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso −04:00 −03:00 3-rd Sunday in October, 00:00 3-rd Sunday in February, 00:00
Brazil, Alagoas, Amapa, Maranhao, Para, Piaui, Ceara, Sergipe, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Bahia, Tocantins, Distrito Federal −03:00 none
Brazil, Espirito Santo,Goias,Minas Gerais,Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo −03:00 −02:00 3-rd Sunday in October, 00:00 3-rd Sunday in February, 00:00
Brazil, small islands in Atlantic (Fernando de Noronha, Trindade) −02:00 none
British Indian Ocean Territory (UK) +06:00 none
British Virgin Islands (UK) −04:00 none
Brunei +08:00 none
Bulgaria +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Burkina Faso ±00:00 none
Burundi +02:00 none
C
Cabo Verde −01:00 none
Cambodia +07:00 none
Cameroon +01:00 none
Canada6 time zones
Caribbean Netherlands (Netherlands) −04:00 none
Cayman Islands (UK) −05:00 none
Central African Republic +01:00 none
Chad +01:00 none
Chatham Islands (New Zealand) +12:45 +13:45 Last Sunday in September, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 03:00
Chile, main territory −03:00 none
Chile, Easter Island −05:00 none
China +08:00 none
Christmas Island (Australia) +07:00 none
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) +06:30 none
Colombia −05:00 none
Comoros +03:00 none
Congo, Republic of the +01:00 none
Congo, Dem. Rep., western part +01:00 none
Congo, Dem. Rep., eastern part +02:00 none
Cook Islands (New Zealand) −10:00 none
Costa Rica −06:00 none
Cote d'Ivoire ±00:00 none
Croatia +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Cuba −05:00 −04:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 00:00 1-st Sunday in November, 01:00
Curaçao (Netherlands) −04:00 none
Cyprus +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Czech Republic +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
D
Denmark +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Djibouti +03:00 none
Dominica −04:00 none
Dominican Republic −04:00 none
E
Ecuador, main territory −05:00 none
Ecuador, Galapagos Province −06:00 none
Egypt +02:00 none
El Salvador −06:00 none
Equatorial Guinea +01:00 none
Eritrea +03:00 none
Estonia +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Ethiopia +03:00 none
F
Falkland Islands (UK) −03:00 none
Faroe Islands (Denmark) ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Fiji +12:00 none
Finland +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
France +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
French Guiana (France) −03:00 none
French Polynesia, Tahiti Island (France) −10:00 none
French Polynesia, Marquesas Islands (France) −09:30 none
French Polynesia, Gambier Islands (France) −09:00 none
G
Gabon +01:00 none
Gambia ±00:00 none
Georgia +04:00 none
Germany +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Ghana ±00:00 none
Gibraltar (UK) +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Greece +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Greenland (Denmark), most of −03:00 −02:00 Last Saturday in March, 22:00 Last Saturday in October, 23:00
Greenland (Denmark), Thule Air Base −04:00 −03:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in November, 02:00
Greenland (Denmark), Ittoqqortoormiit −01:00 ±00:00 Last Sunday in March, 00:00 Last Sunday in October, 01:00
Grenada −04:00 none
Guadeloupe (France) −04:00 none
Guam (USA) +10:00 none
Guatemala −06:00 none
Guernsey (UK) ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Guinea ±00:00 none
Guinea-Bissau ±00:00 none
Guyana −04:00 none
H
Haiti −05:00 −04:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in November, 02:00
Honduras −06:00 none
Hong Kong (China) +08:00 none
Hungary +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
I
Iceland ±00:00 none
India +05:30 none
Indonesia, Sumatra Island, Java Island, West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan +07:00 none
Indonesia, Sulawesi Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, North Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan +08:00 none
Indonesia, Maluku Islands, Papua, West Papua +09:00 none
Iran +03:30 +04:30 March 21, 00:00 (±1 day) September 21, 00:00 (±1 day)
Iraq +03:00 none
Ireland ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Isle of Man (UK) ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Israel +02:00 +03:00 Friday before the last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Italy +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
J
Jamaica −05:00 none
Japan +09:00 none
Jersey (UK) ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Jordan +02:00 +03:00 Friday after the last Thursday in March, 00:00 Last Friday in October, 01:00
K
Kazakhstan, western part +05:00 none
Kazakhstan, eastern part +06:00 none
Kenya +03:00 none
Kerguelen Islands (France) +05:00 none
Kiribati, Gilbert Islands +12:00 none
Kiribati, Phoenix Islands +13:00 none
Kiribati, Line Islands +14:00 none
Kosovo +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Kuwait +03:00 none
Kyrgyzstan +06:00 none
L
Laos +07:00 none
Latvia +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Lebanon +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 00:00 Last Sunday in October, 00:00
Lesotho +02:00 none
Liberia ±00:00 none
Libya +01:00 none
Liechtenstein +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Lithuania +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Luxembourg +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
M
Macedonia +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Madagascar +03:00 none
Malawi +02:00 none
Malaysia +08:00 none
Maldives +05:00 none
Mali ±00:00 none
Malta +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Marshall Islands +12:00 none
Martinique (France) −04:00 none
Mauritania ±00:00 none
Mauritius +04:00 none
Mayotte (France) +03:00 none
Mexico, most of −06:00 −05:00 1-st Sunday in April, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Mexico, state of Quintana Roo −05:00 none
Mexico, states of Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa −07:00 −06:00 1-st Sunday in April, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Mexico, state of Sonora −07:00 none
Mexico, state of Baja California −08:00 −07:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in November, 02:00
Micronesia, states of Chuuk and Yap +10:00 none
Micronesia, states of Kosrae and Pohnpei +11:00 none
Moldova +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Monaco +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Mongolia, most of +08:00 +09:00 Last Saturday in March, 02:00 Last Saturday in October, 00:00
Mongolia, provinces of Khovd, Uvs, Bayan-Olgii +07:00 +08:00 Last Saturday in March, 02:00 Last Saturday in October, 00:00
Montenegro +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Montserrat (UK) −04:00 none
Morocco ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00 with return to standard time during Ramadan month
Mozambique +02:00 none
Myanmar (Burma) +06:30 none
N
Namibia +01:00 +02:00 1-st Sunday in September, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 02:00
Nauru +12:00 none
Nepal +05:45 none
Netherlands +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
New Caledonia (France) +11:00 none
New Zealand +12:00 +13:00 Last Sunday in September, 02:00 1-st Sunday in April, 03:00
Nicaragua −06:00 none
Niger +01:00 none
Nigeria +01:00 none
Niue (New Zealand) −11:00 none
Norfolk Island (Australia) +11:30 none
North Korea +09:00 none
Northern Mariana Islands (USA) +10:00 none
Norway +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
O
Oman +04:00 none
P
Pakistan +05:00 none
Palau +09:00 none
Palestine +02:00 +03:00 Last Saturday in March, 00:00 3-rd Friday in October, 00:00
Panama −05:00 none
Papua New Guinea +10:00 none
Paraguay −04:00 −03:00 1-st Sunday in October, 00:00 Last Sunday in March, 00:00
Peru −05:00 none
Philippines +08:00 none
Pitcairn Islands (UK) −08:00 none
Poland +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Portugal, main territory ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
Portugal, Azores −01:00 ±00:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Puerto Rico (USA) −04:00 none
Q
Qatar +03:00 none
R
Réunion (France) +04:00 none
Romania +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Russia11 time zones
Rwanda +02:00 none
S
St. Barthélemy (France) −04:00 none
St. Helena (UK) ±00:00 none
St. Kitts and Nevis −04:00 none
St. Lucia −04:00 none
St. Martin (France) −04:00 none
St. Pierre and Miquelon (France) −03:00 −02:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00 1-st Sunday in Novemober, 02:00
St. Vincent and The Grenadines −04:00 none
Samoa +13:00 +14:00 Last Sunday in September, 03:00 1-st Sunday in April, 04:00
San Marino +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Sao Tome and Principe ±00:00 none
Saudi Arabia +03:00 none
Senegal ±00:00 none
Serbia +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Seychelles +04:00 none
Sierra Leone ±00:00 none
Singapore +08:00 none
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) −04:00 none
Slovakia +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Slovenia +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Solomon Islands +11:00 none
Somalia +03:00 none
South Africa +02:00 none
South Korea +09:00 none
South Sudan +03:00 none
Spain, main territory +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Spain, Canary Islands ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Sri Lanka +05:30 none
Sudan +03:00 none
Suriname −03:00 none
Swaziland +02:00 none
Sweden +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Switzerland +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Syria +02:00 +03:00 Last Friday in March, 00:00 Last Friday in October, 00:00
T
Taiwan +08:00 none
Tajikistan +05:00 none
Tanzania +03:00 none
Thailand +07:00 none
Timor-Leste +09:00 none
Togo ±00:00 none
Tokelau (New Zealand) +13:00 none
Tonga +13:00 none
Trinidad and Tobago −04:00 none
Tunisia +01:00 none
Turkey +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
Turkmenistan +05:00 none
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) −04:00 none
Tuvalu +12:00 none
U
Uganda +03:00 none
Ukraine +02:00 +03:00 Last Sunday in March, 03:00 Last Sunday in October, 04:00
United Arab Emirates +04:00 none
United Kingdom ±00:00 +01:00 Last Sunday in March, 01:00 Last Sunday in October, 02:00
United States of America9 time zones
Uruguay −03:00 −02:00 1-st Sunday in October, 02:00 2-nd Sunday in March, 02:00
US Virgin Islands (USA) −04:00 none
Uzbekistan +05:00 none
V
Vanuatu +11:00 none
Vatican City (Holy See) +01:00 +02:00 Last Sunday in March, 02:00 Last Sunday in October, 03:00
Venezuela −04:30 none
Vietnam +07:00 none
W
Wallis and Futuna (France) +12:00 none
Y
Yemen +03:00 none
Z
Zambia +02:00 none
Zimbabwe +02:00 none